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Acne is a skin condition that is very common and so many people suffer from this. This results to spot formation at the face, shoulders, chest and back. Acne could be mild, when it comes in the form of blackheads and whiteheads. There are other severe forms of acne which are cyst and others which may lead to scar formation. The mild form of acne rarely lead to scar formation. The sweat pores allow sweat out of the skin. When the sweat pores become blocked it results to acne.
There is no permanent cure for acne but it has several control measures and treatment. There are a lot of over the counter treatment for acne like lotions, creams and gels. It is advisable to consult your physician if you have acne. Severe acne can be treated with antibiotics and some creams that can only be bought with prescription sheep. When you have acne, you may need to treat it with over the counter creams but in a situation where it refuse to heal, you should consult your physician.
Most people pick their acne when it appears in the form of pimples. This sometimes result in scaring. Formation of acne usually starts from puberty. During puberty, excess amount of oil is produced as a result of increased hormone production. The sweat pores are blocked by the excess oil and this results in acne formation. Also, during pregnancy and menstrual cycle in women, they have found to produce more acne as a result of increased hormone level.
Teenagers whose age range is between 11 and 30 are most of the times affected by severe acne, their symptoms begin to disappear only when they are in their mid-20s.
Before & after
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Causes of Acne
Acne is caused by the blockage of hair follicles in the skin. There are tiny holes in the skin where hairs grow out. These holes are called hair follicles. Immediately beneath the skin are sebaceous gland which are attached to the hair follicles. These glands secrete oily fluid (sebum) which help to lubricate the skin and hair on the skin. During periods of increased hormone secretion, there is an increased sebum production by the glands. Dead skin cells mix with sebum to form a plug that occludes the sweat pores or hair follicles. The plugged sweat pore can bulge outward when is located close to the skin to form a whitehead while a blackhead can be caused by opening of the plugged follicle.
- Testosterone: In teenage boys and girls, it is found to be the major cause of acne. During puberty, there is an increase in the production of testosterone which leads to the male and female sex development. The glands in the skin are sensitized by this hormone and begin to secrete more sebum.
- Heredity: There is a possibility of acne to run in some families. Some parents that have had acne during teenage pass it onto their children. This means that acne can be inherited by children from parents.
- Being a woman: Being a woman may predispose you to have acne. Women at some point in their life develop acne. These include; during menstruation, pregnancy and polycystic ovary syndrome. These conditions trigger increase hormone secretion which affects the glands to secrete more sebum.
Prevention of Acne
- Oily skin should be washed regularly and gently with soap.
- Avoid activities that enhance too much sweating.
- Prevent your hair from covering your face when it becomes too oily.
- Washing the hair should be done frequently.
- Avoid touching your face with dirty hands thus prevents bacteria growth and reduces the tendency of Acne formation.
Symptoms of Acne
Acne spots appear on the face, neck, chest, shoulders and back. Sometimes, the severe forms of acne remain there for a long time. Types of acne spots:Acne spots appear on the face, neck, chest, shoulders and back. Sometimes, the severe forms of acne remain there for a long time. Types of acne spots:
- Blackheads: These are black or yellow but small spots acne found on the skin. The black color is as a result of pigmentation in the inner living of the hair follicle.
- Whiteheads: These spots do not completely empty when picked or squeezed. They are very firm, although they look like the blackheads.
- Pustules: These have white tip but similar in appearance to papules. They contain pus.
- Nodules: These are hard and are located beneath the skin surface. This can be very painful.
- Cysts: Cysts are large and filled with pus. They appear like boils and can form scars when squeezed. Cysts are the severe form of acne.
The major complication of acne spots burst, they damage surrounding skin tissues forming scar. Acne causes stress in some individuals and make people socially withdrawn. They find it difficult to go out with acne faces. This has made most people that have acne faces depressed.
If left untreated, acne can lead to acne scars. Acne scars may remain on your face, neck, shoulder or chest forever. Getting your acne scars removed is more difficult than treating acne. There are many forms of acne treatment out there. Acne scarring can be treated with cosmetic surgical procedures. Some of the procedures include: Dermabrasion, Laser treatment, subcission and pinch technique.